CHFD311 Final Exam (APUS)
The process of fingers becoming more adept at handling small objects is an example of:
Three-month-old Mary Jo can hold her head up when in the arms of an adult, but she doesn’t yet have much control of what her legs do. Which one of the following best describes Mary Jo’s progression in muscular control?
Which one of the following is the BEST example of a gross motor skill?
Three of the following statements accurately describe the typical physical development of children in the elementary grades. Which one is not accurate?
Piaget spoke of egocentrism as a characteristic of preoperational thought. Three of the following are examples of egocentrism as Piaget defined it. Which one is not?
Roger is shown two piles of sand and says that each pile has the same amount. However, when one pile is flattened with a shovel, Roger now claims emphatically that the flattened pile has less sand. Based on this information, Roger is probably in Piaget’s _______ stage of development.
Imagine that you are a third-grade teacher. If you were to make predictions based on Piaget’s stages of cognitive development, you would expect most or all of your students to exhibit _______ thinking.
Carl can correctly answer a question such as, “If all flegs are blats, and if all blats are dulms, are all flegs also dulms?” From Piaget’s perspective, Carl is most likely in the _______ stage of cognitive development.
Olivia understands why 3/5 and 9/15 are equivalent fractions. Based on this information, Olivia is probably in Piaget’s _______ stage of development.
Which one of the following best illustrates the phenomenon of infantile amnesia as developmental theorists typically use the term?
Randy knows more as a tenth grader than he did as a first grader. One result of this increased knowledge base is that Randy:
Wendy sees a picture of a beach and then later tries to draw the picture from memory. She draws shells on the beach even though the beach in the picture had no shells. Using the concept of schema, how could we explain Wendy’s error?
From the perspective of contemporary developmental theorists, a script can best be described as:
Four boys read this line from a story: “The two men entered the restaurant and ordered hamburgers.” Which one of the boys is clearly using a script while reading the story?
At age 2, Madeleine is given up for adoption by a mentally ill single mother who realizes she cannot provide adequate care for her daughter. Shortly thereafter, Madeleine is adopted by parents who provide lively conversation, lots of books and educational games, and frequent trips to zoos and museums. Based on this information you might expect Madeleine’s IQ scores to:
Three of the following statements about the effects of heredity and/or environment on intelligence are accurate. Which one is not accurate?
Which one of the following statements best illustrates the Flynn effect?
Which one of the following statements best reflects most psychologists’ current views about the relative effects of heredity and environment on intellectual development?
Daveda has always had a knack for working with numbers. As a child, she often sought out mathematical brainteasers that would challenge her, and when she reached high school, she enrolled in the most challenging math courses in the curriculum. By 12th grade, she was taking an advanced calculus course at a nearby university. Daveda’s behavior is a good example of:
While playing outside with his 3-year-old son David, Sam Johnson sees a fancy car speed by on their normally quiet street. “Look at that Lamborghini,” he says, pointing toward the car. David has never heard that word before. The rules of fast-mapping predict that he will think it refers to:
Which strategy is most likely to be effective in promoting semantic development?
Which of the following is not an approach to teaching a second language?
If you were to describe the nature of syntactic development, you would be most likely to say that it involves:
Reuben says “Jooz!” as he stretches his arms in the direction of his juice bottle. Reuben’s utterance can best be described as an example of:
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